a collection of notes on areas of personal interest
The Cassini and Maraldi families are inter-related and should be looked at, in the context of their scientific work and discoveries, as a single unit. Although the Maraldi family did not come from Perinaldo but from Candeasco, Borgamo, a small town about thirty kilometres eash north-east of Perinaldo, they are as important to the history of Perinaldo as is the Cassini family.
Giovanni Francesco Maraldi, was born in 1631 in Candeasco and left for Perinaldo around 1660 where he settled, marrying in 1663 Angela Caterina Cassini, the last child of Giacomo Cassini and Tullia Crovese, and sister of Giovanni Domenico Cassini who, as Jean Dominique Cassini became known as Cassini I.
The family’s name originally was Marvaldi, Giovanni Francesco Maraldi’s father being Filippo Marvaldi. Both Filippo Marvaldi’s and Giovanni Francesco Marvaldi’s brothers remained in Candeasco as the Candeasco branch of the family.
Another branch of the family was established in Spain with Filippo Marvaldi’s uncle – brother of Filippo Marvaldi’s father, Francesco Marvaldi – moving there as Filippo Maraldi.
Giovanni Francesco, or Francesco, as he came to be known, took part in the activities of the Comune of Perinaldo, becoming one of the two sindaci, or mayors, of the Comune in 1672. He appears to have been a respected member of the community. His name is mentioned in a document relating to a border dispute between the towns of Briga and Triora, where Francesco Maraldi of Perinaldo was nominated for Briga as being a person with experience of architecture, and having a brother-in-law who was a professor of science and mathematics in Bologna – a reference to Giovanni Domenico Cassini who, at that early time in his career, was working there.
Giovanni Francesco Maraldi and Angela Caterina Cassini had eight children, although so far I have only been able to uncover the names of three of them:
1672 also saw the Second Genoese-Savoyard wars beginning in the region. Duke Charles Emmanuel II of Savoy-Piemont, having had an internal plot against the Genoese fail, attacked the Genoese on their territory. Although there were no major battles, the skirmishing saw Genoese troops attack Perinaldo which, through its coming under the rule of the Marquis of Dolceaqua and, therefore of Savoy, was besieged and captured on the 28th August 1672, the Genoese troops burning and looting the town, and desecrating the church.
The French minister, Jean Baptiste Colbert, comptroller general of finances to the French King, Louis XIV had, in September, attempted to protect the Cassini family on behalf of the French King for whom Giovanni Domenico Cassini now worked. However, their house in Perinaldo was burned and looted like the other houses in the town, and the Cassini-Maraldi family left for a place of safety. Giovanni Domenico Cassini wrote to Colbert on the 4th November 1672 stating that he had brought the family to Nice to have them near him as he worked on his observations from Toulon.
The disturbances continued for the rest of the year but, on the 18th January 1673, peace was concluded between the two parties.
This to be checked and more written…